Proteomics
New machinery digests toxic proteins to protect DNA replication
Researchers have identified molecular machinery that helps repair damaged DNA that occurs during DNA replication and transcription. This work, published in Nature Communications on March 9, reveals how specific enzymes "eat" or break down proteins that cause broken DNA.  Discuss
Inflammatory attack comes from an unexpected source in rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers have pinpointed immune cells called natural killer cells as an unexpected source of inflammatory proteins that contribute to rheumatoid arthritis. The research was published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine on February 25.  Discuss
Artificial intelligence helps researchers find new antibiotics
To address antibiotic resistance, researchers have developed a machine-learning approach that can search millions of known chemicals to find new potential antimicrobial compounds. This research, published in Cell on February 20, uncovered several promising antibiotic candidates that will move into clinical testing.  Discuss
Atomic structures revealed by cryo-EM may lead to new antiviral drugs
Using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), researchers found unique structures of paramyxoviruses that can lead to a better understanding of viral replication, which in turn can be leveraged to develop improved antiviral drugs. The details were published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on February 17.  Discuss
3D model of human intestines helps simulate leaky gut condition
Researchers are using 3D models of human intestines to simulate leaky gut conditions -- in which microbes and molecules seep out of the intestines, eliciting an immune response. The research, published in Life Science Alliance on February 10, will help identify biomarkers for leaky gut for improved diagnostics and treatment development.  Discuss
Brain's immune system blocks blood immune cells from healing spinal injuries
Molecular and computational analysis of immune responses in the central nervous system reveals that the brain's immune system may prevent blood immune cells from entering a lesion site after injury. The research, published online in Science Advances on January 15, may offer new avenues to treat certain neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and spinal cord injury.  Discuss
Nanoparticles eat cardiovascular plaques from the inside out
Scientists have engineered a nanoparticle that eats plaques associated with cardiovascular disease -- from the inside out. This Trojan horse technology could offer a new therapeutic option for the treatment of atherosclerosis, according to a study published in Nature Nanotechnology on January 27.  Discuss
Microscopy with fluorescent tags gives high-def view of diabetes-related proteins
Leveraging the power of new imaging techniques, scientists are using unique fluorescent tags in combination with superresolution microscopy to gain novel insights into a receptor that plays a key role in controlling blood sugar levels. These insights will open the door to improved treatment options for type 2 diabetes.  Discuss
New study offers hope for short-circuiting KRAS-driven lung cancers
The protein kinase p38α has been identified as a key element supporting KRAS-driven lung cancers, so inhibiting the protein has potential as a target for the treatment of certain lung cancers. An international group of researchers used genetic mouse models with the KRAS mutation to observe how p38α inhibition reduces tumor growth. The work was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on January 22.  Discuss
Small-molecule chaperones may reverse Alzheimer's symptoms in mice
A novel treatment for Alzheimer's disease involving the administration of pharmacological chaperones that prevent amyloid beta and tau tangles from forming in the brain may be possible, according to a new study published online on January 22 in Molecular Neurodegeneration.  Discuss
Conferences
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June 25-26
Boston, Massachusetts United States
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July 13-16
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland Netherlands
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August 10-13
Santa Clara, California United States
BioProcess International
September 21-24
Boston, Massachusetts United States
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Conferences
2nd Annual Cell Therapy Bioprocessing Conference
June 25-26
Boston, Massachusetts United States
BioProcess International Europe
July 13-16
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland Netherlands
Bioprocess International West
August 10-13
Santa Clara, California United States
BioProcess International
September 21-24
Boston, Massachusetts United States
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