Cell Biology
Novel strategy for studying mitoribosomal and mitochondrial impact on disease
Researchers from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed a new experimental tool for studying mitochondrial protein synthesis in vivo. This research is presented in the October 5 issue of Cell Reports.  Discuss
Orphan immunity gene clusters acquired for protection
Researchers from the University of Washington School of Medicine and Howard Hughes Institute found that gut bacteria acquire interbacterial defense gene clusters. The October 30 article in Nature, suggests that bacteria use these toxins against their microbial neighbors. This discovery could further scientific knowledge of the human gut which is critical to many aspects of health and disease.  Discuss
Innovations in 3D printing lead to implantable blood vessels
Using bioinks formulated from smooth muscle cells from a human aorta and endothelial cells from an umbilical vein, researchers built a biomimetic blood vessel using 3D printing techniques.  Discuss
Software improves the speed of identifying potential new antibiotics
Computational biologists at Carnegie Mellon University and seven other institutions developed a software tool that can play a high-speed "Match Game" to identify bioactive molecules and microbial genes that produce them so they can be evaluated as new antibiotics and other therapeutic agents. This work was published in Cell Systems on October 16.  Discuss
Scientists elucidate the genetic impact of host immune system on the microbiome
Researchers at the University of Chicago conducted research that suggests that the genetic differences in the immune system contribute to bacterial colonization of gut. The findings, published in Cell Reports on October 15, uses a new approach to determine the genetic influence of the immune system on the microbiome of mice.  Discuss
New CRISPR Cas13 system offers powerful antiviral protection
A first-of-its-kind study conducted by researchers at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard demonstrates that Cas13, a class 2 CRISPR system, can be used as an antiviral in cultured human cells. The research, published in Molecular Cell on October 10, suggests that the RNA-cutting enzyme can be programmed to detect and destroy RNA-based viruses.  Discuss
DNA Metabarcoding used to analyze human diet
A collaborative study from US researchers demonstrates that DNA metabarcoding has promise for characterization of human diets. The research, which was published in mSystems on October 8, provides evidence that DNA sequencing-based approaches can be successfully applied to human samples.  Discuss
Protein receptors imaged by cryoelectron microscopy help scientists understand inflammation
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University used cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) to observe protein structure and function at a molecular level. This discovery, published in Cell on October 3 describes the structure of P2X receptor, a cellular membrane protein receptor, and provides insight into how the cation channel functions.  Discuss
Driven by nanotech and other micro technologies electron microscopy market continues to grow
According to a new report from Strategic Directions International (SDI), the total market for electron microscopy instrumentation was in excess of $2.5 billion in 2018 and is expected to reach nearly $3.4 billion by 2023.  Discuss
Forward-oriented gene therapy improves treatment for sickle cell disease
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have developed a new and improved viral vector that is up to 10 times more efficient at incorporating corrective genes into bone marrow stem cells than conventional treatments. The work was published in Nature Communications on October 2, and was supported by the National Heart Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) at the NIH.  Discuss
Conferences
Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) 2020
January 25-29, 2020
San Diego, California United States
American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Biothreats
January 28-30, 2020
Arlington, Virginia United States
Festival of Genomics 2020
January 29-30, 2020
London, Greater London United Kingdom
Medlab Middle East
February 3-6, 2020
Dubai, Dubai United Arab Emirates
Japan Analytical & Scientific Instruments Show (JASIS)
November 11-13, 2020
Chiba, Chiba Japan
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