Cell Biology
Microscopy with fluorescent tags gives high-def view of diabetes-related proteins
Leveraging the power of new imaging techniques, scientists are using unique fluorescent tags in combination with super-resolution microscopy to gain novel insights into a receptor that plays a key role in controlling blood sugar levels. These insights will open the door to improved treatment options for type 2 diabetes.  Discuss
Yeast metabolism may offer lessons on starving cancer cells
Scientists may have found a new way to starve cancer cells by learning from growth regulation mechanisms employed by yeast. They found that the same metabolic mechanism used by yeast to respond to nutrient shortages is also employed by mammalian cells -- a finding that could lead to new cancer therapies, according to a new study published in Nature Metabolism on January 20.  Discuss
Scientists learn how lactate contributes to cancer formation
Previously considered a waste product of metabolism, lactate may play a crucial role in cancer growth, according to a study published in Frontiers in Oncology on January 14. Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus explored how lactate affects transcription of oncogenes in breast cancer cells.  Discuss
Dietary probiotics show potential to reverse Parkinson's symptoms
Roundworms that were fed a commercially available dietary probiotic showed less buildup of proteins that form during the progression of Parkinson's disease in a new study, published in Cell Reports on January 14. The finding provides further evidence of a link between the gut microbiome and brain function.  Discuss
Scientists in the Lab: Featuring Rebecca Fleeman
This month, ScienceBoard is featuring scientists in the laboratory to celebrate their important contributions to the scientific community. We are excited to introduce our first featured scientist of this month, Rebecca Fleeman of Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, PA.  Discuss
Nanoparticles direct 'suicide genes' to treat brain tumors in children
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University report a bioengineered nanoparticle that successfully delivers a "suicide gene" to pediatric brain tumor cells implanted in the brains of mice. Details of the nanoparticle treatment were published in the January 2020 edition of Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.  Discuss
Designer DNA traps dengue virus
Researchers from Rensselear Polytechnic Institute have developed a new approach to trap the dengue virus, a close relative to the Zika virus, in the bloodstream using innovative nanotechnology. The technique was published in Nature Chemistry on November 25.  Discuss
Liver-Chip can now determine human-specific toxicities
A group of academic and industry researchers developed new Liver-Chips with four cell types found in the livers of rats, dogs, and humans. The idea was generated at Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard and then transferred to Emulate Inc., to provide real-time analysis of complex biochemical interactions and enhanced liver toxicity testing.  Discuss
Orphan immunity gene clusters acquired for protection
Researchers from the University of Washington School of Medicine and Howard Hughes Institute found that gut bacteria acquire interbacterial defense gene clusters. The October 30 article in Nature, suggests that bacteria use these toxins against their microbial neighbors. This discovery could further scientific knowledge of the human gut which is critical to many aspects of health and disease.  Discuss
Innovations in 3D printing lead to implantable blood vessels
Using bioinks formulated from smooth muscle cells from a human aorta and endothelial cells from an umbilical vein, researchers built a biomimetic blood vessel using 3D printing techniques.  Discuss
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Conferences
Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) 2020
January 25-29
San Diego, California United States
American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Biothreats
January 28-30
Arlington, Virginia United States
Festival of Genomics 2020
January 29-30
London, Greater London United Kingdom
Medlab Middle East
February 3-6
Dubai, Dubai United Arab Emirates
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