Genomics
CRISPR proteins developed for use in molecular diagnostics
New CRISPR technology is being developed as a molecular diagnostic tool with the capability of detecting unique disease biomarkers. Eventually, these at-home tests will allow patients to conduct at-home diagnostic tests quickly.  Discuss
Genomics sheds light on the life history of cancers
As part of a special collection of papers on pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes published online by Nature on February 6, an international group of scientists analyzed over 2,500 unique cancer genomes to shed light on the life history of cancer mutations and how cancer tumors evolve -- even before they are diagnosed.  Discuss
Chinese researchers mobilize to classify 2019-nCoV
In response to a recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-CoV), scientists in China have uncovered genetic similarities with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronaviruses by analyzing patient samples from the source of the outbreak. Their findings provide crucial evidence that will aid in the classification and identification of 2019-CoV, according to a new report published in Nature on February 3.  Discuss
Institut Pasteur reveals how it sequenced the coronavirus
On January 30, the Institut Pasteur became the first European institution to sequence the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) since the outbreak began in December 2019. Institut Pasteur researchers used a unique sequencing platform to confirm the presence of 2019-nCoV in three samples from suspected cases in France.  Discuss
NGS of China coronavirus shows bat origins, intermediate host
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 10 genomes of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from nine patients in China demonstrated that the virus is closely related to two coronaviruses that originated in bats, but that an intermediate host may be responsible for the spread to humans, according to a study published in Lancet on January 29, 2020.  Discuss
Enrichment NGS emerges as surveillance tool for coronavirus
As the coronavirus continues to grow as a global health concern, researchers urgently seek efficient methods to predict and mitigate emerging coronavirus strains. An international team of researchers believes that targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) may be a valuable tool for monitoring both current and future outbreaks of coronavirus originated from bats.  Discuss
New study offers hope for short-circuiting KRAS-driven lung cancers
The protein kinase p38α has been identified as a key element supporting KRAS-driven lung cancers, so inhibiting the protein has potential as a target for the treatment of certain lung cancers. An international group of researchers used genetic mouse models with the KRAS mutation to observe how p38α inhibition reduces tumor growth. The work was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on January 22.  Discuss
Yeast metabolism may offer lessons on starving cancer cells
Scientists may have found a new way to starve cancer cells by learning from growth regulation mechanisms employed by yeast. They found that the same metabolic mechanism used by yeast to respond to nutrient shortages is also employed by mammalian cells -- a finding that could lead to new cancer therapies, according to a new study published in Nature Metabolism on January 20.  Discuss
Control of molecular 'doormen' in fat cells offers potential new obesity treatment
New treatment options for obesity could emerge from a study published in Nature Communications on January 10. Researchers from Yale University School of Medicine utilized cellular and molecular approaches to identify pathways to restore the healthy balance of fat cells.  Discuss
Nanoparticles direct 'suicide genes' to treat brain tumors in children
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University report a bioengineered nanoparticle that successfully delivers a "suicide gene" to pediatric brain tumor cells implanted in the brains of mice. Details of the nanoparticle treatment were published in the January 2020 edition of Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.  Discuss
Connect
Science Advisory Board on LinkedIn
Science Advisory Board on Facebook
Science Advisory Board on Twitter