Genomics Sponsored by Nvidia
Making CRISPR safer with new enzyme-based prediction tool
A new technique will help scientists choose the best available gene editing option for any given indication, making CRISPR technology safer, cheaper, and more effective. The tool is outlined in a September 7 article in Nature Biotechnology.  Discuss
Protein engineering creates highly potent experimental SARS-CoV-2 vaccine
A bioengineering technique that utilizes various naturally occurring sequences and de novo design of messenger RNA (mRNA) components was applied to develop an mRNA-based vaccine that could be highly effective against SARS-CoV-2, according to a new article published in Advanced Materials on September 2.  Discuss
Detecting SARS-CoV-2 in blood may be early indicator of severe disease
A blood test that measures SARS-CoV-2 RNA when patients are admitted to the hospital with COVID-19 symptoms can be a powerful diagnostic tool to predict how severe their disease will be, according to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases on August 28. Patients without viral RNA in their blood have a good chance at rapid recovery, concluded researchers from Karolinska Institutet and Danderyd Hospital.  Discuss
Molecular barcoding of DNA identifies rare mutations in stem cells
Scientists have developed a new next-generation sequencing technique using molecular barcodes that can accurately detect a single genetic mutation in a pool of 10,000 cells. The researchers applied the approach to CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing to search for undesirable mutations caused by the platform. The research and methods were published in Genome Biology on August 24.  Discuss
ESMO recommends use of NGS for advanced cancers
The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) released its first recommendations for the use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) for patients with metastatic cancers. The guidance was published in the Annals of Oncology on August 25.  Discuss
Genomic mutations can influence disease risk
The reason why some genetically predisposed individuals may or may not develop a disease is rooted in mutations throughout the genome, according to a new study published in Nature Communications on August 20. The researchers explained how this information can be used to improve disease risk estimations in the clinic.  Discuss
SARS-CoV-2 causes immune paralysis in severe cases of COVID-19
The SARS-CoV-2 virus can cause the paralysis of key immune cells as the COVID-19 disease progresses, and this immune paralysis can be the difference between severe and mild cases of COVID-19, according to a study published in Science on August 11.  Discuss
Genetic engineering shows how 'foreign' DNA impacts evolution
A new study has demonstrated that "foreign" DNA -- DNA transferred horizontally into a species from a source other than a parent -- can become functional over time and can impact an organism's evolution and fitness, according to a paper published August 10 in Nature Ecology and Evolution.  Discuss
Microbes shape antibodies prior to infection
Genetic analysis of antibodies reveals how microbes in the intestines impact overall B-cell populations and humoral responses to pathogens. The research was published in Nature on August 5.  Discuss
Human-infecting coronaviruses have lived in bats for decades
Genome sequencing of the SARS-CoV-2 virus has revealed that the type of virus family to which the novel coronavirus belongs most likely first emerged in bats in the late 1960s, according to a new study published in Nature Microbiology on July 28.
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September 14-29
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September 21-25
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