Genomics
Yeast metabolism may offer lessons on starving cancer cells
Scientists may have found a new way to starve cancer cells by learning from growth regulation mechanisms employed by yeast. They found that the same metabolic mechanism used by yeast to respond to nutrient shortages is also employed by mammalian cells -- a finding that could lead to new cancer therapies, according to a new study published in Nature Metabolism on January 20.  Discuss
Control of molecular 'doormen' in fat cells offers potential new obesity treatment
New treatment options for obesity could emerge from a study published in Nature Communications on January 10. Researchers from Yale University School of Medicine utilized cellular and molecular approaches to identify pathways to restore the healthy balance of fat cells.  Discuss
Nanoparticles direct 'suicide genes' to treat brain tumors in children
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University report a bioengineered nanoparticle that successfully delivers a "suicide gene" to pediatric brain tumor cells implanted in the brains of mice. Details of the nanoparticle treatment were published in the January 2020 edition of Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.  Discuss
Together, machine learning and tumor DNA provide new tools for colorectal cancer patients
Researchers utilize a new machine learning platform to identify patients with colorectal cancers and predict their disease severity and survival. The study, published in Science Translational Medicine on January 1, involves samples from over a thousand patients.  Discuss
Precision medicine and molecular understanding of illness
The current era of scientific research is seen by many as a golden age of discovery in genetics, due to rapid progress in numerous areas of science and technology. While healthcare and the pharmaceutical industry traditionally have directed their attention to symptoms rather than underlying causes, the new advances are creating opportunities to better exploit a rapidly expanding mechanistic understanding of disease. The challenges are significant and complex, and the current models of discovery and translation do not provide an obvious path toward an economically sustainable way to integrate data-intensive biology with medicine.  Discuss
Scientists validate large-scale CRISPR-Cas9 screens for cancer models
Researchers from the Wellcome Sanger Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, published results of a study in Nature Communications on December 20, which compares consistency among the two largest genetic screen databases of cancer cells lines. The combined data set will help speed the discovery and development of new cancer therapies.  Discuss
Cryo-EM microscopy tool gets an atomic resolution look at "upgraded" CRISPR system
Researchers from Columbia University capture de novo images that reveal unexpected presence transposition proteins that are essential for interactions of CRISPR-like cascade complex. The study was published in Nature on December 18.  Discuss
Researchers work out the early steps that drive malignancy
Researchers from Yale University have identified cellular characteristics that lead to the early stages of malignancy. They state that in at least one form of blood cancer, cells with cancer-causing lesions can remain normal until cell division speeds up the process. The results were published in Nature Communications on December 18.  Discuss
Algorithm provides new insight into hierarchical DNA structures that influence disease
Researchers develop an algorithm that locates specific topologically associating domains (TADs) which are implicated in disease development, including cancer. The technology, called OnTAD, can examine internal architectures of TADs, which are important in elucidating their biological functions. The work was published in Genome Biology on December 18.  Discuss
Researchers explore the role of circular DNA in deadly childhood cancer
Researchers from Charité - University Medicine Berlin and the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York combine genomic and transcriptomic approaches to describe the landscape of extrachromosomal circular DNA in neuroblastoma. The work was published in Nature Genetics on December 16.  Discuss
Conferences
Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) 2020
January 25-29
San Diego, California United States
American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Biothreats
January 28-30
Arlington, Virginia United States
Festival of Genomics 2020
January 29-30
London, Greater London United Kingdom
Medlab Middle East
February 3-6
Dubai, Dubai United Arab Emirates
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