Cell Biology
Bacterial structures are critical to the development of new antibiotics
A research team from Cornell University have uncovered a unique regulatory mechanism unique to bacterial that may provide crucial insight for antibiotic targeting of pathogens. The work was published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology on November 18.  Discuss
New mechanism elucidated for essential molecule-sorting organelle
A new study published in Nature Communications on November 15 suggests a new mechanism by which vesicles are transported out of the Golgi apparatus for the formation and maintenance of endosomes. The work, conducted by researchers from Tokyo University of Science and the Institute of Science and Technology in Austria, changes the paradigm of how materials are sorted and distributed once they enter cells.  Discuss
Genomic breakthrough in malaria research
An international consortium of researchers from the Institute of Cell Biology at the University of Bern and Umeå University in Sweden conducted a genome-wide deletion study to determine genes that are required for malaria parasite transmission. The results were presented in Cell on November 14.  Discuss
Novel mitochondrial phenomenon helps explains early neurodegeneration
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine scientists discovered a novel pathway that leads to neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The study was published in Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience on November 7. The pathway could explain the development of early stages of neurodegeneration which affects voluntary muscle movement such as walking and talking.  Discuss
Liver-Chip can now determine human-specific toxicities
A group of academic and industry researchers developed new Liver-Chips with four cell types found in the livers of rats, dogs, and humans. The idea was generated at Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard and then transferred to Emulate Inc., to provide real-time analysis of complex biochemical interactions and enhanced liver toxicity testing.  Discuss
Novel strategy for studying mitoribosomal and mitochondrial impact on disease
Researchers from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed a new experimental tool for studying mitochondrial protein synthesis in vivo. This research is presented in the October 5 issue of Cell Reports.  Discuss
Orphan immunity gene clusters acquired for protection
Researchers from the University of Washington School of Medicine and Howard Hughes Institute found that gut bacteria acquire interbacterial defense gene clusters. The October 30 article in Nature, suggests that bacteria use these toxins against their microbial neighbors. This discovery could further scientific knowledge of the human gut which is critical to many aspects of health and disease.  Discuss
Innovations in 3D printing lead to implantable blood vessels
Using bioinks formulated from smooth muscle cells from a human aorta and endothelial cells from an umbilical vein, researchers built a biomimetic blood vessel using 3D printing techniques.  Discuss
Software improves the speed of identifying potential new antibiotics
Computational biologists at Carnegie Mellon University and seven other institutions developed a software tool that can play a high-speed "Match Game" to identify bioactive molecules and microbial genes that produce them so they can be evaluated as new antibiotics and other therapeutic agents. This work was published in Cell Systems on October 16.  Discuss
Scientists elucidate the genetic impact of host immune system on the microbiome
Researchers at the University of Chicago conducted research that suggests that the genetic differences in the immune system contribute to bacterial colonization of gut. The findings, published in Cell Reports on October 15, uses a new approach to determine the genetic influence of the immune system on the microbiome of mice.  Discuss
Conferences
11th Annual PEGS Europe
November 18-22
Lisbon Portugal
Antibody Engineering & Therapeutics
December 9-13
San Diego, California United States
Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) 2020
January 25-29, 2020
San Diego, California United States
American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Biothreats
January 28-30, 2020
Arlington, Virginia United States
Festival of Genomics 2020
January 29-30, 2020
London, Greater London United Kingdom
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