Genomics Sponsored by Nvidia
Patient-specific airway stem cells developed to model lung diseases
Researchers have successfully created airway basal stem cells in vitro from induced pluripotent stem cells. These cells can be used to study acquired and genetic airway diseases, according to an article published in Cell Stem Cell on October 23.  Discuss
Researchers identify 'ancient' DNA weapons against cancer
Researchers have identified silent ancient DNA elements buried in the human genome that when "reactivated" can initiate an immune response toward cancer cells. They also identified a key enzyme, normally used by cancer cells to evade immune responses, that can be leveraged against them. The research was published in Nature on October 21.  Discuss
A 'Pac-Man' like CRISPR system could enable larger gene edits
A new CRISPR tool utilizes Cas3 to remove larger than normal stretches of DNA both quickly and accurately. The tool, described in an October 19 article in Nature Methods, could help fill a void in current gene editing capabilities.  Discuss
New methods could improve AAV quality for viral vector manufacturing
Developing well-characterized adeno-associated viral vectors (AAVs) is a significant obstacle for the biomanufacturing industry. A group of analytical researchers is trying to overcome this challenge by developing novel analytical methodology specifically designed for AAVs.  Discuss
New method reclaims resolution of single-cell RNA-seq
A new approach to RNA sequencing can enable scientists to extract 10 times more information from a single cell, including gene expression and subtle differences between healthy and diseased cells. The study, published in Immunity on October 13, reveals the power of the improved Seq-Well method and provides evidence of its efficacy in five inflammatory skin diseases.  Discuss
EpiMorgify algorithm predicts best conditions for cell therapies
In order to determine optimal cell growth conditions for the development of cellular therapies, researchers have devised an algorithm called EpiMorgify that can predict what factors are needed to produce high-quality cultures. The study was published on October 9 in Cell Systems.  Discuss
Novel nanoparticles deliver genetic therapy to bone marrow
Specialized nanoparticles can be used to deliver small interfering RNA to the bone marrow where they can turn off specific genes in bone-marrow endothelial cells to help treat heart disease or boost stem cell production, according to new research published in Nature Biomedical Research on October 5.  Discuss
Many mammals may be at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection
Despite broad interest in determining the origin of SARS-CoV-2 in the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, the existence of an intermediate host between the source of the virus in bats and humans remains unknown. A study published in Scientific Reports on October 5 provides evidence that 26 species of mammals that are regularly in contact with humans may be susceptible to infection.  Discuss
Neanderthal heritage may be a risk factor for COVID-19
A new study shows that a genetic risk factor inherited from Neanderthal heritage is associated with two times greater risk of serious disease and death from COVID-19. The study was published in Nature on September 30.  Discuss
RNA targeting could prevent replication of SARS-CoV-2 virus
What if you could stop the SARS-CoV-2 virus from reproducing itself? Researchers from Florida hope to do just that by creating a compound that targets and binds to RNA regions on the SARS-CoV-2 genome and disrupts its replication. The research was described in a September 30 article published in ACS Central Science.  Discuss
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