Genomics
Researchers use drug repurposing to identify new treatment for Metabolic Syndrome
A research team from the University of Trento find a novel method for using old drugs in new ways, specifically for Metabolic Syndrome. This revolutionary technique, published on November 18 in Nature Communications, uses a systems biology approach to investigate deregulated biological processes and identify drug repurposing candidates.  Discuss
New mechanism elucidated for essential molecule-sorting organelle
A new study published in Nature Communications on November 15 suggests a new mechanism by which vesicles are transported out of the Golgi apparatus for the formation and maintenance of endosomes. The work, conducted by researchers from Tokyo University of Science and the Institute of Science and Technology in Austria, changes the paradigm of how materials are sorted and distributed once they enter cells.  Discuss
Genomic breakthrough in malaria research
An international consortium of researchers from the Institute of Cell Biology at the University of Bern and Umeå University in Sweden conducted a genome-wide deletion study to determine genes that are required for malaria parasite transmission. The results were presented in Cell on November 14.  Discuss
Modified CRISPR system aims to improve therapies for HIV, sickle cell disease
Researchers from City of Hope have improved the CRISPR-Cas9 system through novel sequence changes to the trans-activating RNA (tracrRNA). The improved tool could help to fast track new therapies for HIV, sickle cell disease and other immune conditions. The results were published in Scientific Reports on November 6.  Discuss
Cutting edge microscopy technique leads to new insights in cancer
New research published in the October 31 edition of Science debuts a new technique for creating high-resolution visual maps of the chromatin structure remodeling (RSC) complex to further understand its role in healthy and cancer cells. This research was led by Bradley Cairn, PhD, cancer researcher at Huntsman Cancer Institute and professor and chair of oncological sciences at the University of Utah.  Discuss
Orphan immunity gene clusters acquired for protection
Researchers from the University of Washington School of Medicine and Howard Hughes Institute found that gut bacteria acquire interbacterial defense gene clusters. The October 30 article in Nature, suggests that bacteria use these toxins against their microbial neighbors. This discovery could further scientific knowledge of the human gut which is critical to many aspects of health and disease.  Discuss
New insights into why tumor suppressor proteins go awry in cancer
Researchers from Stowers Institute for Medical Research in Kansas City, MO have identified proteins that are involved in tumor growth and metastasis in many cancers such as breast cancer. The research was published in Science Advances on October 23.  Discuss
Software improves the speed of identifying potential new antibiotics
Computational biologists at Carnegie Mellon University and seven other institutions developed a software tool that can play a high-speed "Match Game" to identify bioactive molecules and microbial genes that produce them so they can be evaluated as new antibiotics and other therapeutic agents. This work was published in Cell Systems on October 16.  Discuss
Scientists elucidate the genetic impact of host immune system on the microbiome
Researchers at the University of Chicago conducted research that suggests that the genetic differences in the immune system contribute to bacterial colonization of gut. The findings, published in Cell Reports on October 15, uses a new approach to determine the genetic influence of the immune system on the microbiome of mice.  Discuss
New CRISPR Cas13 system offers powerful antiviral protection
A first-of-its-kind study conducted by researchers at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard demonstrates that Cas13, a class 2 CRISPR system, can be used as an antiviral in cultured human cells. The research, published in Molecular Cell on October 10, suggests that the RNA-cutting enzyme can be programmed to detect and destroy RNA-based viruses.  Discuss
Conferences
11th Annual PEGS Europe
November 18-22
Lisbon Portugal
Antibody Engineering & Therapeutics
December 9-13
San Diego, California United States
Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) 2020
January 25-29, 2020
San Diego, California United States
American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Biothreats
January 28-30, 2020
Arlington, Virginia United States
Festival of Genomics 2020
January 29-30, 2020
London, Greater London United Kingdom
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