Genomics
Extra copies of chromosomes can be good or bad
Researchers are developing human cell lines to explore how extra copies of chromosomes can enhance the metastasis and invasiveness of cancer cells. They explained their methodology in a study published in Developmental Cell on February 24.  Discuss
New NIH study pinpoints how coronavirus attacks cells
The continued spread of the novel 2019 coronavirus, known as SARS-CoV-2, around the world has raised the need for a test to rapidly and efficiently screen coronaviruses to monitor rapid changes and determine how they function. Findings from ongoing U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) research, published in Nature Microbiology on February 24, offer new tools in the fight.  Discuss
Genomic landscape of osteosarcomas reveals why immunotherapy may not be effective
Immune profiling of osteosarcoma has revealed why immune checkpoint inhibitors might not be an effective treatment option for patients with this rare type of cancer, according to new research published online February 21 in Nature Communications.  Discuss
Communication of cancer cells analyzed with organoids and novel cytometry
A new technique using organoids, self-organizing 3D tissue models, can decipher how individual cancer cells communicate with each other and the unique signals they create. This research, published in Nature Methods on February 17, could be used to help develop personalized cancer treatments in the future.  Discuss
Genetically engineered probiotics successfully deliver immunotherapies
A new technology enables genetically engineered probiotic bacteria to be used as an efficacious, stable, and safe platform to deliver immunotherapies directly into a variety of tumors in just a single dose. The research was published online on February 12 in Science Translational Medicine.  Discuss
Phages containing huge amounts of DNA are found around the globe
An inventory of over 350 DNA sequences from phage genomes revealed that these genomes can be over 200,000 base pairs in length and found the largest phage genome ever described at 735,000 base pairs in length. The report published in Nature on February 12, evaluated the prevalence, diversity and ecosystem distribution of phages with large genomes.  Discuss
CRISPR proteins developed for use in molecular diagnostics
New CRISPR technology is being developed as a molecular diagnostic tool with the capability of detecting unique disease biomarkers. Eventually, these at-home tests will allow patients to conduct at-home diagnostic tests quickly.  Discuss
Genomics sheds light on the life history of cancers
As part of a special collection of papers on pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes published online by Nature on February 6, an international group of scientists analyzed over 2,500 unique cancer genomes to shed light on the life history of cancer mutations and how cancer tumors evolve -- even before they are diagnosed.  Discuss
Chinese researchers mobilize to classify 2019-nCoV
In response to a recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-CoV), scientists in China have uncovered genetic similarities with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronaviruses by analyzing patient samples from the source of the outbreak. Their findings provide crucial evidence that will aid in the classification and identification of 2019-CoV, according to a new report published in Nature on February 3.  Discuss
Institut Pasteur reveals how it sequenced the coronavirus
On January 30, the Institut Pasteur became the first European institution to sequence the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) since the outbreak began in December 2019. Institut Pasteur researchers used a unique sequencing platform to confirm the presence of 2019-nCoV in three samples from suspected cases in France.  Discuss
Conferences
2nd Annual BioIT World Conference & Expo West
March 1-4
San Francisco, California United States
BioProcess International US West
March 9-12
Santa Clara United States
Microbiology Society Annual Conference 2020
March 30 - April 3
Edinburgh, Edinburgh, City of United Kingdom
Experimental Biology 2020
April 4
San Diego, California United States
BioProcess International Europe
April 28 - May 1
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland Netherlands
General Discussion
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