Cancer & Disease Research
New gene therapy could be effective in treating complex polygenic conditions
Scientists are applying gene therapy approaches in a new way by simultaneously administering a combination of cargos to treat complex polygenic neurodegenerative diseases with no single genetic cause. Details of the combination gene therapy in two animal models were detailed in a March 31 Science Advances article. Read More
RNA editing enzyme ADAR1 helps cancer cells proliferate
Researchers have discovered that an isoform of the RNA editing enzyme adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 1 (ADAR1) is responsible for regulating genome stability of telomeres at chromosomal ends. The findings, published in Nature Communications on March 12, suggest that the enzyme is required for the proliferation of cancer cells and may be a potential therapeutic target for some cancers. Read More
Multiomics approach profiles molecular characteristics of glioblastoma
A team of more than 40 investigators has created a profile of the genes, proteins, infiltrating cells, and signaling pathways of the deadly brain cancer glioblastoma. The findings could lead to better patient care, according to the authors of a new study published February 11 in Cancer Cell. Read More
Improving the safety of gene therapies 2 different ways
Two groups of researchers have developed unique approaches to overcome the limitations of delivery of gene editing therapeutics. In a pair of new papers, researchers describe methods for more efficient and safe delivery of CRISPR components to targeted cells and tissues. Read More
Gateway receptor for SARS-CoV-2 helps explain variability of COVID-19
A wide variety of symptoms and organs are involved in SARS-CoV-2 infection. This phenomenon could be explained by the distribution of the virus's gateway receptor, which is found in tissues throughout the body. Characterization of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 expression is detailed in a recent Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology article. Read More
Virtual framework provides unprecedented detail of the heart
Researchers have created a comprehensive map of cardiac neurons at the cellular scale that allows for gene expression data to be superimposed, giving insight into the functional roles of specific neuron clusters. The work was published in iScience on May 26. Read More
Scientists alter cell function with genetic engineering, polymer science
A new method called genetically targeted chemical assembly (GTCA) has demonstrated the ability to build artificial structures within the body to carry out unique functions. The research, presented in the latest edition of Science, provides compelling evidence for GTCA's ability to modify cell function with bioengineering tools. Read More
Cryo-EM sheds light on ion channel regulation
A long-standing hypothesis about the regulation of ion channels has been confirmed by cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) imaging. The research presented in Nature on March 18 advances the basic understanding of key cellular processes that can be leveraged for a number of therapeutic and research applications. Read More
Glia-to-neuron conversion gene therapy can treat Huntington's disease
Using adeno-associated virus technology, researchers have developed a novel gene therapy that can regenerate functional neurons in mouse models of Huntington's disease. The work was published in Nature Communications on February 27. Read More
Brain's immune system blocks blood immune cells from healing spinal injuries
Molecular and computational analysis of immune responses in the central nervous system reveals that the brain's immune system may prevent blood immune cells from entering a lesion site after injury. The research, published online in Science Advances on January 15, may offer new avenues to treat certain neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and spinal cord injury. Read More
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