Cancer & Disease Research Sponsored by Beckman Coulter
The jury is still out for SARS-CoV-2 intermediate host
Scientists have been searching for the intermediate host between bats, which are known to carry coronaviruses, and the first introduction of SARS-CoV-2 into humans. Conflicting research argues the merit of dogs as intermediate hosts of the virus.  Discuss
Are masks effective at preventing the spread of SARS-CoV-2?
Contradictory messages over the best methods to limit the spread of SARS‑CoV‑2 have been shared with the public in past months. This has prompted scientists to explore the effectiveness of certain measures like wearing masks and the mechanisms behind transmission of the virus.  Discuss
Horseshoe crab 'farming' preserves species, makes blood test possible
Researchers have developed a new aquaculture-based method to harvest immune cells from horseshoe crabs that preserves the crustaceans while also creating the potential for new clinical applications, like testing blood for sepsis, according to a study published in Frontiers in Marine Science on April 1.  Discuss
Extracellular RNA identifies new Alzheimer's biomarker
The association of extracellular RNA with upregulation of the phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase gene may be a useful presymptomatic biomarker for Alzheimer's disease, according to an article published in Current Biology on March 26.  Discuss
New lung cancer biomarker could significantly improve patient outcomes
A new protein has been identified on tumor-derived extracellular vesicles that indicates if a lung tumor is likely to metastasize, according to research published in Science Advances on March 11. A minimally invasive biomarker test to catch cancer early could significantly improve patient outcomes.  Discuss
New coronavirus puts focus on the science of naming new viruses
What's in a name? Possibly a lot, when it comes to determining how to name new virus species based on genetic characteristics. The initial confusion over the naming of the novel coronavirus indicates that the scientific community still has work to do when defining the proper taxonomy of viruses, according to an article published in Nature Microbiology on March 2.  Discuss
CRISPR proteins developed for use in molecular diagnostics
New CRISPR technology is being developed as a molecular diagnostic tool with the capability of detecting unique disease biomarkers. Eventually, these at-home tests will allow patients to conduct at-home diagnostic tests quickly.  Discuss
Genomics sheds light on the life history of cancers
As part of a special collection of papers on pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes published online by Nature on February 6, an international group of scientists analyzed over 2,500 unique cancer genomes to shed light on the life history of cancer mutations and how cancer tumors evolve -- even before they are diagnosed.  Discuss
New fluorescence technique builds more vivid views
A novel imaging technique improves processing time of hyperspectral fluorescence imaging and allows scientists to peer more deeply and clearly into living organisms. Researchers from the University of Southern California Michelson Center for Convergent Bioscience have been developing the technology for years and have published their findings in Nature Communications on February 5.  Discuss
Enrichment NGS emerges as surveillance tool for coronavirus
As the coronavirus continues to grow as a global health concern, researchers urgently seek efficient methods to predict and mitigate emerging coronavirus strains. An international team of researchers believes that targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) may be a valuable tool for monitoring both current and future outbreaks of coronavirus originated from bats.  Discuss
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