Proteomics
Systems-based analysis helps researchers understand cell migration
An international team of researchers has developed a unique library to study the regulation of the cytoskeleton in space and time. The work, published in Nature Cell Biology on March 23, takes a systems-based approach to gain an overview of this process.  Discuss
Cryo-EM sheds light on ion channel regulation
A long-standing hypothesis about the regulation of ion channels has been confirmed by cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) imaging. The research presented in Nature on March 18 advances the basic understanding of key cellular processes that can be leveraged for a number of therapeutic and research applications.  Discuss
Researchers make sweet music with protein design technique
What does protein design have to do with music theory? A group of researchers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology saw commonalities between the two and designed a technique based on sonification that translates protein structures into musical scores as part of their effort to design new proteins. The details were published in APL Bioengineering on March 17.  Discuss
New biocompatible microparticles created with heat, light
A new simple and scalable protein-processing technique based on temperature-sensitive phase changes creates unique microarchitectures within microparticles for use in drug delivery and other bioengineering applications, according to a study published in Nature Communications on March 12.  Discuss
Shortage of RNA extraction kits threatens coronavirus testing
The weak link in the U.S. response to diagnostic testing for the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 could be a shortage of RNA extraction kits. Fortunately, suppliers of RNA purification kits are working overtime to get more kits into circulation, according to Alice Kan of Strategic Directions International.  Discuss
New lung cancer biomarker could significantly improve patient outcomes
A new protein has been identified on tumor-derived extracellular vesicles that indicates if a lung tumor is likely to metastasize, according to research published in Science Advances on March 11. A minimally invasive biomarker test to catch cancer early could significantly improve patient outcomes.  Discuss
New machinery digests toxic proteins to protect DNA replication
Researchers have identified molecular machinery that helps repair damaged DNA that occurs during DNA replication and transcription. This work, published in Nature Communications on March 9, reveals how specific enzymes "eat" or break down proteins that cause broken DNA.  Discuss
Zigzag DNA provides insight into chromosome organization
New Z-loops -- DNA folded into a zigzag structure and guided by essential condensin proteins -- have been caught on camera for the first time. The results of the study provide insight into the organization of chromosomes and were published in Nature on March 4.  Discuss
Inflammatory attack comes from an unexpected source in rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers have pinpointed immune cells called natural killer cells as an unexpected source of inflammatory proteins that contribute to rheumatoid arthritis. The research was published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine on February 25.  Discuss
Artificial intelligence helps researchers find new antibiotics
To address antibiotic resistance, researchers have developed a machine-learning approach that can search millions of known chemicals to find new potential antimicrobial compounds. This research, published in Cell on February 20, uncovered several promising antibiotic candidates that will move into clinical testing.  Discuss
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