Cell Biology
A discovery of fungi – helping researchers identify new drugs
To address the need to identify new therapeutic targets, researchers at the Hubrecht Institute turned to fungi. The researchers tested secondary metabolites from over 10,000 fungi species and identified 34 biological active compounds with the potential to move to the next step of therapeutic drug development. The research was published in Scientific Reports on November 26.  Discuss
Designer DNA traps dengue virus
Researchers from Rensselear Polytechnic Institute have developed a new approach to trap the dengue virus, a close relative to the Zika virus, in the bloodstream using innovative nanotechnology. The technique was published in Nature Chemistry on November 25.  Discuss
Bacterial structures are critical to the development of new antibiotics
A research team from Cornell University have uncovered a unique regulatory mechanism unique to bacterial that may provide crucial insight for antibiotic targeting of pathogens. The work was published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology on November 18.  Discuss
Researchers use drug repurposing to identify new treatment for Metabolic Syndrome
A research team from the University of Trento find a novel method for using old drugs in new ways, specifically for Metabolic Syndrome. This revolutionary technique, published on November 18 in Nature Communications, uses a systems biology approach to investigate deregulated biological processes and identify drug repurposing candidates.  Discuss
New mechanism elucidated for essential molecule-sorting organelle
A new study published in Nature Communications on November 15 suggests a new mechanism by which vesicles are transported out of the Golgi apparatus for the formation and maintenance of endosomes. The work, conducted by researchers from Tokyo University of Science and the Institute of Science and Technology in Austria, changes the paradigm of how materials are sorted and distributed once they enter cells.  Discuss
Genomic breakthrough in malaria research
An international consortium of researchers from the Institute of Cell Biology at the University of Bern and Umeå University in Sweden conducted a genome-wide deletion study to determine genes that are required for malaria parasite transmission. The results were presented in Cell on November 14.  Discuss
Single-molecule resolution technique allows researchers to quantify secondary transport
St. Jude researchers from Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute present new evidence about the mechanics of how secondary active transporter proteins function. This report is published in Nature on November 13.  Discuss
Novel mitochondrial phenomenon helps explains early neurodegeneration
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine scientists discovered a novel pathway that leads to neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The study was published in Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience on November 7. The pathway could explain the development of early stages of neurodegeneration which affects voluntary muscle movement such as walking and talking.  Discuss
New nanoparticles help reduce inflammatory disease
Researchers from Washington State University have discovered a potential new treatment option for diseases associated with inflammation. The study, published in Science Advances on November 6, describes a new patent-pending nanotechnology that specifically targets activated neutrophils that compromise the immune system.  Discuss
Liver-Chip can now determine human-specific toxicities
A group of academic and industry researchers developed new Liver-Chips with four cell types found in the livers of rats, dogs, and humans. The idea was generated at Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard and then transferred to Emulate Inc., to provide real-time analysis of complex biochemical interactions and enhanced liver toxicity testing.  Discuss
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