Genomics
Genetic engineering shows how 'foreign' DNA impacts evolution
A new study has demonstrated that "foreign" DNA -- DNA transferred horizontally into a species from a source other than a parent -- can become functional over time and can impact an organism's evolution and fitness, according to a paper published August 10 in Nature Ecology and Evolution. Read More
Microbes shape antibodies prior to infection
Genetic analysis of antibodies reveals how microbes in the intestines impact overall B-cell populations and humoral responses to pathogens. The research was published in Nature on August 5. Read More
Human-infecting coronaviruses have lived in bats for decades
Genome sequencing of the SARS-CoV-2 virus has revealed that the type of virus family to which the novel coronavirus belongs most likely first emerged in bats in the late 1960s, according to a new study published in Nature Microbiology on July 28. Read More
Genetic regulation of immune diseases starts at birth
Areas of the human genome may explain the early origins of chronic immune and inflammatory diseases that develop later in life, according to a study published in Nature Communications on July 28. Read More
SARS-CoV-2 envelope protein identified as target for antiviral drugs
Comparison of the SARS-CoV-2 genome with other betacoronaviruses can provide useful information on how drugs targeting other coronaviruses may improve outcomes for COVID-19 patients. The analysis was presented in a July 27 Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology article. Read More
Life science instrumentation market adapts to COVID-19
To reflect the new realities of the analytical instrumentation market during the COVID-19 pandemic and in the subsequent pandemic-driven recession, Strategic Directions International, a sister company of The Science Advisory Board, has released its revised edition of the Global Assessment Report. Read More
Could COVID-19 end standoff on tests developed in laboratories?
During the COVID-19 pandemic, research and clinical laboratories were working overtime to develop tests that would help them identify and understand SARS-CoV-2, according to Kalorama Information, a sister company of The Science Advisory Board. These lab-developed tests have become an essential component in the fight against the virus. Read More
Machine learning helps identify antimicrobial-resistant bacteria
A new graphical user interface-driven, machine learning-based approach has successfully identified antimicrobial resistance genes for gram-positive and -negative bacteria. This work, presented in Scientific Reports on July 3, may make it easier to identify deadly antimicrobial-resistant bacteria. Read More
Next-generation sequencing reveals inherited mutations in young cancer patients
Researchers advocated for increased genomic surveillance in younger adult cancer patients with tumors that typically strike later in life, in a study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research 2020 virtual meeting, held June 22 to 24. Read More
From DNA to precision medicine, researchers discuss breakthroughs in cancer research
From the use of novel technologies such as machine learning and CRISPR, to gaining a deeper understanding of the genetic and molecular drivers of cancer, researchers from around the globe shared their progress with the cancer research community on June 22 at the opening plenary session of the American Association for Cancer Research 2020 virtual annual meeting II. Read More
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