Genomics Sponsored by Nvidia
Machine learning helps identify antimicrobial-resistant bacteria
A new graphical user interface-driven, machine learning-based approach has successfully identified antimicrobial resistance genes for gram-positive and -negative bacteria. This work, presented in Scientific Reports on July 3, may make it easier to identify deadly antimicrobial-resistant bacteria.  Discuss
Next-generation sequencing reveals inherited mutations in young cancer patients
Researchers advocated for increased genomic surveillance in younger adult cancer patients with tumors that typically strike later in life, in a study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research 2020 virtual meeting, held June 22 to 24.  Discuss
From DNA to precision medicine, researchers discuss breakthroughs in cancer research
From the use of novel technologies such as machine learning and CRISPR, to gaining a deeper understanding of the genetic and molecular drivers of cancer, researchers from around the globe shared their progress with the cancer research community on June 22 at the opening plenary session of the American Association for Cancer Research 2020 virtual annual meeting II.  Discuss
NIH researchers investigate virulence of SARS-CoV-2 virus
What makes the SARS-CoV-2 virus so virulent? Researchers from the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) analyzed the genomics of the virus -- and compared it to other coronaviruses -- in a June 10 article in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  Discuss
Study reveals genomic similarity between SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2
A new technique has shown that conserved genetic sequences between SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 may be important for their stability within host cells and ability to infect and replicate efficiently. The methodology was published in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications.  Discuss
Academic lab quickly converts to perform SARS-CoV-2 testing
Academic labs could be converted to perform clinical work and process SARS-CoV-2 diagnostic assays with rapid turnaround times to meet increased demand for testing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Investigators from Boston University and Boston Medical Center provided an outline of how they adapted a lab in an article published online May 10 in Med.  Discuss
Pangolin genome offers insight into SARS-CoV-2's jump to humans
Research into the source of SARS-CoV-2 in China has focused on pangolins, anteater-like mammals that may have harbored the virus before it jumped to humans. New findings published May 8 in Frontiers in Immunology indicate pangolins may lack two virus-sensing genes, making them more susceptible to being carriers of coronaviruses.  Discuss
Genomic tools help researchers understand how SARS-CoV-2 is evolving
A new study has identified nearly 200 recurrent genetic mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 virus, according to research published as a preproof in Infection, Genetics and Evolution on May 5. The findings could offer clues to how the virus is adapting and evolving in humans and lead to optimal drug and vaccine targets.  Discuss
An update on RNA extraction kit supply due to COVID-19
The extraordinary demand for COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction testing has strained the production capabilities of vendors in the nucleic acid preparation market. Several vendors are reporting skyrocketing demand for RNA extraction kits and other COVID-19-related products.  Discuss
Bioinformatics helps pinpoint evolutionary mutations of SARS-CoV-2
A new bioinformatics approach to classifying genetic variants of SARS-CoV-2 helps to answer questions such as whether there are one or more circulating strains of the virus with different virulence levels and, if so, which of those strains should be used for therapeutic research. Australian researchers explore this technique in an April 19 article in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases.  Discuss
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