Drug Discovery & Development
New study offers hope for short-circuiting KRAS-driven lung cancers
The protein kinase p38α has been identified as a key element supporting KRAS-driven lung cancers, so inhibiting the protein has potential as a target for the treatment of certain lung cancers. An international group of researchers used genetic mouse models with the KRAS mutation to observe how p38α inhibition reduces tumor growth. The work was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on January 22.  Discuss
Small-molecule chaperones may reverse Alzheimer's symptoms in mice
A novel treatment for Alzheimer's disease involving the administration of pharmacological chaperones that prevent amyloid beta and tau tangles from forming in the brain may be possible, according to a new study published online on January 22 in Molecular Neurodegeneration.  Discuss
Scientists learn how lactate contributes to cancer formation
Previously considered a waste product of metabolism, lactate may play a crucial role in cancer growth, according to a study published in Frontiers in Oncology on January 14. Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus explored how lactate affects transcription of oncogenes in breast cancer cells.  Discuss
Scientists in the Lab: Featuring Lisa Mustachio
Continuing our feature series this January, ScienceBoard is happy to highlight the work of laboratory scientists, including Lisa Maria Mustachio, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow at MD Anderson Cancer Center.  Discuss
Control of molecular 'doormen' in fat cells offers potential new obesity treatment
New treatment options for obesity could emerge from a study published in Nature Communications on January 10. Researchers from Yale University School of Medicine utilized cellular and molecular approaches to identify pathways to restore the healthy balance of fat cells.  Discuss
Bacterial evolution reveals method to fight antibacterial resistance
Different types of bacteria have evolved to develop unique mechanisms for achieving the same antibacterial function -- a finding that could lead to new ways to combat antibacterial resistance, according to scientists from Trinity College Dublin. They tested their findings using methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a study that was published in Nature Communications on January 9.  Discuss
Improving melanoma immunotherapies by regulating Treg proliferation
A new pathway to regulating anti-tumor immunity and increasing the effectiveness of PD-1 therapies was identified by scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute. The results were published in Nature Communications on January 7.  Discuss
Precision medicine and molecular understanding of illness
The current era of scientific research is seen by many as a golden age of discovery in genetics, due to rapid progress in numerous areas of science and technology. While healthcare and the pharmaceutical industry traditionally have directed their attention to symptoms rather than underlying causes, the new advances are creating opportunities to better exploit a rapidly expanding mechanistic understanding of disease. The challenges are significant and complex, and the current models of discovery and translation do not provide an obvious path toward an economically sustainable way to integrate data-intensive biology with medicine.  Discuss
New drug target identified in malaria transmission
Australian researchers from the University of Melborne and Griffith University in Queensland have confirmed their findings of a new drug target that blocks the transmission of Plasmodium falciparum in mosquitos. The results were published in Cell Reports on December 17.  Discuss
Scientists develop a first-of-its-kind in vitro 3D neural tissue model
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have successfully used stem cells to engineer nerve tissues as 3D models of neural networks to study brain function. The work was published in the December 3 edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  Discuss
Conferences
Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) 2020
January 25-29
San Diego, California United States
American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Biothreats
January 28-30
Arlington, Virginia United States
Festival of Genomics 2020
January 29-30
London, Greater London United Kingdom
Medlab Middle East
February 3-6
Dubai, Dubai United Arab Emirates
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