June 20, 2022 -- A research team from the University of Geneva, in collaboration with the University of Lausanne, has discovered that the absence of a molecular “zipper” formed by four proteins leads to cell death in retinal cells. The discovery of the essential role played by the zipper could lead to the development of therapeutic approaches for retinitis pigmentosa, a degenerative genetic eye disease.
Using an expansion microscopy technique that allows cells to be inflated without deforming them, the researchers were able to observe retinal tissue with a resolution not previously accomplished. The biologists focused on the structure of connecting cilia from mice that had -- or did not have -- a mutation in the gene for one of the four proteins.
"In the absence of the mutation, we found that these proteins ensure, just as we had previously seen in centrioles, the cohesion between microtubules by forming a zipper that closes as development proceeds," said Olivier Mercey, researcher in the Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology at the University of Geneva and first author of the study.