Proteomics
Artificial intelligence helps researchers find new antibiotics
To address antibiotic resistance, researchers have developed a machine-learning approach that can search millions of known chemicals to find potential new antimicrobial compounds. This research, published in Cell on February 20, uncovered several promising antibiotic candidates that will move into clinical testing.  Discuss
Brain's immune system blocks blood immune cells from healing spinal injuries
Molecular and computational analysis of immune responses in the central nervous system reveals that the brain's immune system may prevent blood immune cells from entering a lesion site after injury. The research, published online in Science Advances on January 15, may offer new avenues to treat certain neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and spinal cord injury.  Discuss
Nanoparticles eat cardiovascular plaques from the inside out
Scientists have engineered a nanoparticle that eats plaques associated with cardiovascular disease -- from the inside out. This Trojan horse technology could offer a new therapeutic option for the treatment of atherosclerosis, according to a study published in Nature Nanotechnology on January 27.  Discuss
Scientists learn how lactate contributes to cancer formation
Previously considered a waste product of metabolism, lactate may play a crucial role in cancer growth, according to a study published in Frontiers in Oncology on January 14. Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus explored how lactate affects transcription of oncogenes in breast cancer cells.  Discuss
Scientists in the Lab: Featuring Lisa Mustachio
Continuing our feature series this January, ScienceBoard is happy to highlight the work of laboratory scientists, including Lisa Maria Mustachio, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow at MD Anderson Cancer Center.  Discuss
Dietary probiotics show potential to reverse Parkinson's symptoms
Roundworms that were fed a commercially available dietary probiotic showed less buildup of proteins that form during the progression of Parkinson's disease in a new study, published in Cell Reports on January 14. The finding provides further evidence of a link between the gut microbiome and brain function.  Discuss
Improving melanoma immunotherapies by regulating Treg proliferation
A new pathway to regulating anti-tumor immunity and increasing the effectiveness of PD-1 therapies was identified by scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute. The results were published in Nature Communications on January 7.  Discuss
Researchers work out the early steps that drive malignancy
Researchers from Yale University have identified cellular characteristics that lead to the early stages of malignancy. They state that in at least one form of blood cancer, cells with cancer-causing lesions can remain normal until cell division speeds up the process. The results were published in Nature Communications on December 18.  Discuss
Algorithm provides new insight into hierarchical DNA structures that influence disease
Researchers develop an algorithm that locates specific topologically associating domains (TADs) which are implicated in disease development, including cancer. The technology, called OnTAD, can examine internal architectures of TADs, which are important in elucidating their biological functions. The work was published in Genome Biology on December 18.  Discuss
Researchers explore the role of circular DNA in deadly childhood cancer
Researchers from Charité - University Medicine Berlin and the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York combine genomic and transcriptomic approaches to describe the landscape of extrachromosomal circular DNA in neuroblastoma. The work was published in Nature Genetics on December 16.  Discuss
Conferences
2nd Annual BioIT World Conference & Expo West
March 1-4
San Francisco, California United States
BioProcess International US West
March 9-12
Santa Clara United States
Microbiology Society Annual Conference 2020
March 30 - April 3
Edinburgh, Edinburgh, City of United Kingdom
Experimental Biology 2020
April 4
San Diego, California United States
BioProcess International Europe
April 28 - May 1
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland Netherlands
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Conferences
2nd Annual BioIT World Conference & Expo West
March 1-4
San Francisco, California United States
BioProcess International US West
March 9-12
Santa Clara United States
Microbiology Society Annual Conference 2020
March 30 - April 3
Edinburgh, Edinburgh, City of United Kingdom
Experimental Biology 2020
April 4
San Diego, California United States
BioProcess International Europe
April 28 - May 1
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland Netherlands
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