Life Science Informatics
Math models improve the effectiveness of immunotherapy
Scientists working at the intersection of math and medicine propose new strategies based on mathematical modeling and known molecular mechanisms to improve the efficacy of lifesaving immunotherapies for cancerous tumors. The work was published on February 3 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  Discuss
Brain's immune system blocks blood immune cells from healing spinal injuries
Molecular and computational analysis of immune responses in the central nervous system reveals that the brain's immune system may prevent blood immune cells from entering a lesion site after injury. The research, published online in Science Advances on January 15, may offer new avenues to treat certain neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and spinal cord injury.  Discuss
Precision medicine and molecular understanding of illness
The current era of scientific research is seen by many as a golden age of discovery in genetics, due to rapid progress in numerous areas of science and technology. While healthcare and the pharmaceutical industry traditionally have directed their attention to symptoms rather than underlying causes, the new advances are creating opportunities to better exploit a rapidly expanding mechanistic understanding of disease. The challenges are significant and complex, and the current models of discovery and translation do not provide an obvious path toward an economically sustainable way to integrate data-intensive biology with medicine.  Discuss
Algorithm provides new insight into hierarchical DNA structures that influence disease
Researchers develop an algorithm that locates specific topologically associating domains (TADs) which are implicated in disease development, including cancer. The technology, called OnTAD, can examine internal architectures of TADs, which are important in elucidating their biological functions. The work was published in Genome Biology on December 18.  Discuss
Algorithm detects unknown anomalies in RNA-seq data
A new computational approach to analyzing gene expression data is presented by computational biologists from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) and published in Cell Systems on November 27.  Discuss
Researchers use drug repurposing to identify new treatment for Metabolic Syndrome
A research team from the University of Trento find a novel method for using old drugs in new ways, specifically for Metabolic Syndrome. This revolutionary technique, published on November 18 in Nature Communications, uses a systems biology approach to investigate deregulated biological processes and identify drug repurposing candidates.  Discuss
New model uses bioinformatics to identify aggressive breast cancers
Researchers from the University of Bonn propose a new method to determine the prognosis of disease using the patients' tumor tissue. The results were published in Cell Reports on October 29.  Discuss
Dementia-associated atrophy predicted by brain networks
A new study uses brain maps to predict how brain atrophy spreads in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). The experiment, conducted by UC San Francisco scientists, adds to a growing body of data suggesting that brain cell loss associated with dementia spreads via synaptic connections between established brain networks.  Discuss
DNA Metabarcoding used to analyze human diet
A collaborative study from US researchers demonstrates that DNA metabarcoding has promise for characterization of human diets. The research, which was published in mSystems on October 8, provides evidence that DNA sequencing-based approaches can be successfully applied to human samples.  Discuss
New synthetic vaccine fights infectious disease with assistance from the data cloud
A new synthetic vaccine developed by researchers at the University of Bristol and the French National Centre for Scientific Research can be stored at warmer temperatures due to an engineered scaffold design. The details of the Chikungunya vaccine candidate are published in Science Advances on September 25.  Discuss
Conferences
2nd Annual BioIT World Conference & Expo West
March 1-4
San Francisco, California United States
BioProcess International US West
March 9-12
Santa Clara United States
Microbiology Society Annual Conference 2020
March 30 - April 3
Edinburgh, Edinburgh, City of United Kingdom
Experimental Biology 2020
April 4
San Diego, California United States
BioProcess International Europe
April 28 - May 1
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland Netherlands
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Conferences
2nd Annual BioIT World Conference & Expo West
March 1-4
San Francisco, California United States
BioProcess International US West
March 9-12
Santa Clara United States
Microbiology Society Annual Conference 2020
March 30 - April 3
Edinburgh, Edinburgh, City of United Kingdom
Experimental Biology 2020
April 4
San Diego, California United States
BioProcess International Europe
April 28 - May 1
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland Netherlands
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