Immunology

Scientists elucidate the genetic impact of host immune system on the microbiome
Researchers at the University of Chicago conducted research that suggests that the genetic differences in the immune system contribute to bacterial colonization of gut. The findings, published in Cell Reports on October 15, uses a new approach to determine the genetic influence of the immune system on the microbiome of mice.  Discuss
Large-scale study finds genetic variant responsible for detrimental immune response to common anti-inflammatory drugs
Researchers in the UK seek to understand why commonly used medication fails to treat Chron's disease by identifying a new genetic marker. The research published in Gastroenterology on October 7, identified a genetic variation that decreases the efficiency of anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) drugs.
Study identifies new therapeutic targets to help patients with lung cancer
A research team at Johns Hopkins University identified new therapeutic targets that will help increase the efficacy of current immunotherapies and reduce the side effects in patients with lung cancer. The results of this clinical study were published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation on September 4.  Discuss
New populations of lung cells identified which could aid in the treatment of chronic respiratory diseases
New research confirms the existence of two new subpopulations interstitial macrophages (IM), which are crucial to the pulmonary immune system. Published in Nature Communications on August 3, researchers from the Immunophysiology Laboratory of the GIGA Institute at the University of Liege provide insights into the characterization of these IM.  Discuss
Success of immunotherapies increased in cancer patients through co-treatment with monoclonal antibodies
A new approach provides evidence that it is possible to break down the protective wall surrounding tumor cells, therefore making immunotherapies more effective in patients with a variety of cancers. This research, funded by Cancer Research UK, was published in the EBioMedicine on August 25th.  Discuss
Thermally stable TB vaccine may now be possible thanks to an innovative new process
Researchers at the University of Bath have developed a process that protects vaccines from heat damage by trapping them in silica cages. The results were published in Scientific Reports on August 8, 2019. Using a leading candidate in the development on new vaccines, Ag85b in conjunction with adjuvant Sbi-Ag85b, thermal stability of tested using a novel process called ensilication.  Discuss
New immunotherapy moves further into clinical testing with promising results
Success in international clinical trials leads to U.S. based research organizations beginning phase I/II clinical trials. If this form of immunotherapy is successful and deemed safe, then it could save the lives of liver cancer patients across the world.  Discuss
The European Commission pursues open science and why it’s important
Scientists believe that there is a reproducibility crisis in the scientific community where many scientists fail to reproduce experiments, according to a new report by Science | Business in July 2019. Open science is a high priority for the European Commission, with around 70% of all data generated by EU-funded programs being accessible to the public.  Discuss
CAR-T cell therapy research shows encouraging signs for mesothelioma patients
Every year, nearly 3,000 new cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed in the United States. While this is just a small percentage of overall cancer diagnoses, this rare cancer is one that has proven to be extremely difficult to treat. Fortunately, even with this cancer affecting a disproportionate number of patients, researchers are continuing to study mesothelioma in hopes of improving the disease’s prognosis.  Discuss
Landmark study explores public understanding of science and trust in scientific and medical professionals
Understanding global perceptions and knowledge of science is of growing interest to the scientific community. Organizations such as 3M, with their State of Science Index Survey and the Wellcome Global Monitor (WGM), from the Wellcome Foundation and Gallup World Poll, explore attitudes towards science and medicine, and also confidence in scientists themselves.  Discuss
Conferences
Virology, Emerging Diseases & Vaccines
October 21-22
Amsterdam Netherlands
10th CNS Summit
October 31 - November 3
Boca Raton, Florida United States
11th Annual PEGS Europe
November 18-22
Lisbon Portugal
Antibody Engineering & Therapeutics
December 9-13
San Diego, California United States
Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) 2020
January 25-29, 2020
San Diego, California United States
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