In today’s world many ailments and their symptoms, ranging from allergies to depression, can be reduced or remedied with the use of medication. Amongst some of them is a group categorized as cognitive enhancement drugs, or nootropics. These drugs are defined as “a substance that improves one or more aspects of mental function”.
Dr. Suresh Sharma earned his PhD from University of Mumbai in Life sciences working on diabetes and glycation of brush border membranes glycosidases. The research focused on looking at mechanism by which glycation (non-enzymatic) perturbs enzyme function.
“The thrill of making an impact on human health and well-being keeps me going.”
Scientific knowledge is expanding at an astounding rate, doubling every couple generations. Recognizing the importance of a strong scientific workforce, governments and nonprofit organizations across the globe have called for an increase in science education in the hopes of training today’s youth to tackle tomorrow’s scientific challenges.
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have recently added a new element to the global GMO debate. “Rewilding” is defined as genetically reintroducing plant genes that have long ago been bred out of them. Take a gene or two from an ancient plant variety and meld it with more modern species of that same plant to promote natural resistance to insects, drought… This new technique offers a sort of middle ground, appeasing some fears associated with “frankenfoods”, while blurring the definition of GMOs and how we label them.
New scientific discoveries are constantly being made, allowing us to better understand the world we live in. Through the scientific method, humans are answering some of life’s great questions. Without such experimentation we wouldn’t be able to harness the power needed to supply our homes, survive once-fatal diseases such as small-pox and polio, or carry out the mass food production necessary to support the world’s population.
The Science Advisory Board study shows that women see barriers to entering scientific careers and face challenges in the workplace.
ARLINGTON, VA (June 12, 2015) — Recent global survey reveals that female scientists are more likely to be dissatisfied with salary/benefits, job availability, gender barriers, and how they feel valued as scientists than their male colleagues (within a 5% range).
We rely on the government to help protect and inform us on issues related to health, but when it comes to food and dietary regulation there is a debate about what is protective and what is invasive. For example, United States courts rejected the proposal to ban the sale of sodas in New York City, which many residents felt infringed on their rights. The regulation of alcohol, on the other hand, is widely accepted and supported around the world.
As the line separating scientific fiction and reality continues to fade, it has become apparent that manned missions to planets in our solar system are probable. One particular location, Mars (and it’s two moons, Phobos & Deimos,) is the logical first step in space colonization.
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Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk, and Bill Gates are considered to be some of the greatest minds of our time. They are ground breaking pioneers of modern day science and technology. They also share a common belief when it comes to artificial intelligence (AI). They have all publicly stated that AI poses a threat to both the integrity and the survival of the human race.
Genomics has experienced rapid expansion since the 1990 launch of the Human Genome Project, which led to the complete sequencing of the human genome in 2003. Today scientists across the globe are experimenting with the idea of altering genetic material in order to combat genetic diseases. In the past such experimentation has only been conducted on somatic cells, but this April a group of Chinese scientists published the first reports of genome modification experiments carried out on human germline cells. Germline cells, such as eggs and sperm, differ from somatic cells in that the genetic material they contain is passed down to subsequent generations. The researchers working on this study used a new genome editing technology, CRISPR/Cas9, to replace a mutated hemoglobin gene that causes a severe blood disorder. The results were controversial and raised questions about the effectiveness of this type of genome therapy. While CRISPR/Cas9 was able to alter the target hemoglobin gene, a healthy version of the gene was rarely substituted for the old one and unwanted mutations frequently occurred elsewhere in the genome. Despite the study’s limitations, the fact that genome-altering experiments on germline cells are currently being conducted sparked widespread dialogue and debate over the ethics of gene editing.