The Zika virus is contracted through mosquito bites, and is a single-stranded RNA virus, related to dengue, chikungunya, and west nile viruses. The Aedes aegypti, specifically is the mosquito able to transmit this virus and is found in the Southern US. Outbreaks have occurred in areas of Africa, Southeast Asia, the Americas and the Pacific Islands. The best way to protect against the virus is to avoid mosquito bites, such as using insect repellents, netting, etc.
Wim Hof, nicknamed “Iceman”, is a Dutch man who can withstand extreme cold by being able to control his autonomic nervous system through his hypothalamus. Is he unique? Is he a superhuman? He claims that this ability can be learned, through his techniques.
The term placebo is a Latin word meaning “I shall be acceptable or pleasing’”, and describes a phenomenon in which an inert treatment/substance like sugar can improve a patient’s condition, because the patient believes it will help. Conversely, a negative placebo effect is called a nocebo (Latin for “I shall harm”), and is an inert substance or form of therapy that creates harmful effects in a patient.