Cell Biology
Directed evolution shows promise in reducing drug discovery times
A research collaboration between scientists at the University of Leeds and AstraZeneca resulted in the development of a technique that can significantly reduce the discovery time for possible new antibody-based therapies. The approach, published in Nature Communications on April 14, shows how protein fragments can be screened for susceptibility to aggregation in early drug discovery. Read More
Horseshoe crab 'farming' preserves species, makes blood test possible
Researchers have developed a new aquaculture-based method to harvest immune cells from horseshoe crabs that preserves the crustaceans while also creating the potential for new clinical applications, like testing blood for sepsis, according to a study published in Frontiers in Marine Science on April 1. Read More
Researchers explore mutations to improve drug design
Drug resistance is a common challenge when designing therapeutics for cancers or diseases originating from bacteria or viruses. Researchers explored how evolution impacted the mutation of these pathogens, and their findings could lead to the development of evolutionarily designed drugs. The results were published March 24 in Cell Reports. Read More
Systems-based analysis helps researchers understand cell migration
An international team of researchers has developed a unique library to study the regulation of the cytoskeleton in space and time. The work, published in Nature Cell Biology on March 23, takes a systems-based approach to gain an overview of this process. Read More
Cryo-EM sheds light on ion channel regulation
A long-standing hypothesis about the regulation of ion channels has been confirmed by cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) imaging. The research presented in Nature on March 18 advances the basic understanding of key cellular processes that can be leveraged for a number of therapeutic and research applications. Read More
New machinery digests toxic proteins to protect DNA replication
Researchers have identified molecular machinery that helps repair damaged DNA that occurs during DNA replication and transcription. This work, published in Nature Communications on March 9, reveals how specific enzymes "eat" or break down proteins that cause broken DNA. Read More
Inflammatory attack comes from an unexpected source in rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers have pinpointed immune cells called natural killer cells as an unexpected source of inflammatory proteins that contribute to rheumatoid arthritis. The research was published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine on February 25. Read More
Communication of cancer cells analyzed with organoids and novel cytometry
A new technique using organoids, self-organizing 3D tissue models, can decipher how individual cancer cells communicate with each other and the unique signals they create. This research, published in Nature Methods on February 17, could be used to help develop personalized cancer treatments in the future. Read More
Chinese researchers mobilize to classify 2019-nCoV
In response to a recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-CoV), scientists in China have uncovered genetic similarities with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronaviruses by analyzing patient samples from the source of the outbreak. Their findings provide crucial evidence that will aid in the classification and identification of 2019-CoV, according to a new report published in Nature on February 3. Read More
Nanoparticles eat cardiovascular plaques from the inside out
Scientists have engineered a nanoparticle that eats plaques associated with cardiovascular disease -- from the inside out. This Trojan horse technology could offer a new therapeutic option for the treatment of atherosclerosis, according to a study published in Nature Nanotechnology on January 27. Read More
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October 26-27
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