Cell Biology
New drug target identified for common brain cancer
Research led by the Cleveland Clinic has identified a potential new therapy in the treatment of glioblastoma. An article published in Cancer Discovery on August 21, identifies FGF2 (fibroblast growth factor 2), as a novel drug target for glioblastoma, the most common primary malignant brain tumor. Read More
Genomic and microbial analyses reveal microbe independently degrades oil to gas
Methanoliparia, an archaea found in deep within oil reservoirs, may degrade oil to methane all by itself. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen, Germany and the MARUM, Centre for Marine Environmental Sciences provide genomic and microbial evidence of Methanoliparia’s ability to transform long-chain hydrocarbons to methane. The results were published in mBio on August, 20. Read More
Biologically active molecules in coal are found to have antiviral properties against tick-borne encephalitis
Scientists from Russia demonstrated in a Scientific Reports article published on August 19, that biologically active molecular components of substances extracted from coal, humic substances, have antiviral properties. A novel approach to identify these molecules determined that these molecules inhibit the reproduction of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), which causes clinically relevant human viral infectious disease. Read More
Super-resolution using standard optical microscopes now possible with the aid of upconversion nanoparticles
Researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) in Australia have found an innovative way to utilize standard laboratory optical imaging equipment to bypass diffraction limitations and achieve super-resolution. Results published in Nature Communications on August 16 provide methodology and theoretical framework for end-users to achieve super-resolution in their own laboratories. Read More
Detecting HPV in women is improved with the aid of a new molecular approach
A new technique called HPV RNA-Seq can provide a second-line test in HPV-positive patients to reduce unnecessary colposcopies and even be used as a two-in-one test combining HPV typing with triage capabilities. Researchers from Institut Pasteur and the Pathogen Discovery Laboratory in Paris, France published their findings in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics on August 12, 2019. Read More
Large-scale analysis of microbiome reveals new classes of small proteins with implications in drug discovery
Trillion of bacteria reside within our bodies, and scientists are just scratching the surface of understanding the microbiome. Researchers at Stanford School of Medicine have shed light on previously unidentified proteins that may have an important role in human health and advance drug development. Read More
Visualizing big data in the life sciences gets an upgrade with new software
A new software developed by researchers at the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) uses algorithms to reconstruct and scale data acquired by light-sheet microscopy that renders a supercomputer unnecessary. Light microscopy techniques provide extremely detailed information but result in terabytes of data which is nearly impossible for scientists to process. MDC researchers are helping make sense of this data. Read More
Structure-based vaccine design may help save the lives of infants and children
A new experimental vaccine, utilizing structure-based design, shows promise in a phase I clinical trial. The vaccine will protect against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a leading cause of infectious disease deaths in infants. Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin published findings on Aug 2, 2019 in Science stating that one dose elicited increases in RSV-neutralizing antibodies over several months. Read More
Finding the next generation of antibiotics may require the use of NGS sequencing and genome mining
Determining how antibiotic structures are formed in nature is crucial knowledge that scientists will leverage in the development of the next generation of antibiotics. Researchers from Washington University in St. Louis and the University at Buffalo published the X-ray crystal structure of an enzyme that produces a candidate antibiotic in Nature Communications on July 31, 2019. Read More
Functionality of small protein determined - potential to develop new therapies for Parkinson’s disease
A small protein, alpha-synuclein, has been found to be associated with the prevention of Parkinson’s disease. Scientists at Oregon Health & Science University (OSHU) published results in the journal Scientific Reports on July 29, 2019 showing that alpha-synuclein has a role in repairing breaks in DNA. Read More
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August 16-19
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