Cancer & Disease Research
A CRISPR on-off switch for genes controls expression without altering DNA
A new gene silencing tool allows scientists to switch genes on and off without altering genetic sequences. The tool, described in a paper published in Cell on April 9, uses a modified CRISPR-Cas9 system to introduce reversible epigenetic changes that control gene expression. Read More
New gene therapy could be effective in treating complex polygenic conditions
Scientists are applying gene therapy approaches in a new way by simultaneously administering a combination of cargos to treat complex polygenic neurodegenerative diseases with no single genetic cause. Details of the combination gene therapy in two animal models were detailed in a March 31 Science Advances article. Read More
Gene therapy based on transcription factors could be effective against Alzheimer's
A type of gene therapy using transcription factors to target DNA has been shown to dramatically reduce levels of the harmful protein tau in preclinical mouse models of Alzheimer's disease. The findings, published in Science Advances on March 19, suggest that the therapy could easily translate to the clinic and be effective in humans. Read More
Customized gene therapies successfully target rare eye diseases
Can gene therapies prove effective for the treatment of rare genetic diseases? One company may have found a solution that incorporates a high degree of customization, manufacturing expertise, and years' worth of knowledge. Read More
Imaging finds tooth decay's root, may lead to ways to fight it
Atom probe tomography and other techniques revealed that human enamel contains small chemical flaws that may affect the resiliency of the fundamental building blocks of teeth, in a study published July 2 in Nature. Read More
Extracellular RNA identifies new Alzheimer's biomarker
The association of extracellular RNA with upregulation of the phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase gene may be a useful presymptomatic biomarker for Alzheimer's disease, according to an article published in Current Biology on March 26. Read More
New machinery digests toxic proteins to protect DNA replication
Researchers have identified molecular machinery that helps repair damaged DNA that occurs during DNA replication and transcription. This work, published in Nature Communications on March 9, reveals how specific enzymes "eat" or break down proteins that cause broken DNA. Read More
Glia-to-neuron conversion gene therapy can treat Huntington's disease
Using adeno-associated virus technology, researchers have developed a novel gene therapy that can regenerate functional neurons in mouse models of Huntington's disease. The work was published in Nature Communications on February 27. Read More
Brain's immune system blocks blood immune cells from healing spinal injuries
Molecular and computational analysis of immune responses in the central nervous system reveals that the brain's immune system may prevent blood immune cells from entering a lesion site after injury. The research, published online in Science Advances on January 15, may offer new avenues to treat certain neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and spinal cord injury. Read More
Stem cell findings help researchers learn about early-onset Parkinson's
New research utilizing stem cells indicates that the metabolic processes that lead to young-onset Parkinson's disease could begin years before symptoms of the disease emerge. But the findings also point to a potential drug candidate that could be used to treat the condition, according to a study published January 27 in Nature Medicine. Read More
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